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Manufacturing

What are the regulations for manufacturing operations?

Consult with local officials regarding the town permitting process including but not limited to planning and zoning, fire, and health.

All manufacturers are subject to:
>  Environmental review
 The Connecticut Department of Energy &  Environmental Protection regulates activities that may impact the state's natural resources and environment and administers permitting programs that protect the state's resources by regulating the emissions of pollutants, facility operations, and land use activities.

Contact the agency at 860-424-3003 or deep.webmaster@ct.gov.  Visit www.ct.gov/deep  and view the Where to Begin: DEEP's Environmental Permitting Process.

>  Sales and use tax registration
File form REG-1 and be familiar with the resale certificate with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services.  As a manufacturer, there are tax exempt products that your business can purchase for the purpose of production.  For further explanation and details regarding products and services that are exempt / nonexempt from sales tax read Sales & Use Taxes Guide for Manufacturers, Fabricators & Processors.  

Contact the agency: 800-382-9463, (860) 297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs

Food:
>  The Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection offers a resource page on their website for things you need to know when starting a food business.   In addition, licensing is required for: food manufacturing establishments,  bakeries, frozen dessert manufacturers, bottlers (including water and nonalcoholic beverages) apple juice / cider manufacturers, scales and liquor.

Contact the agency:   Food and Standards Division (860-713-6160 or dcp.foodstandards@ct.gov) or Liquor Control Division (860-713-6210 or dcp.liquorcontrol@ct.gov) or visit https://portal.ct.gov/DCP .

Food labeling requirements for food produced is under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Food and Drug Compliance Division. Smaller businesses with low volume may apply for a labeling exemption.  Contact the agency at 240-402-2375 or industry@fda.gov or visit www.fda.gov.  In addition, the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection can provide insight through their Food and Standards Division.  Call 860-713-6167 or dcp.foodstandards@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dcp

>  According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002 (register with the Secretary of the FDA. For a foreign facility, the registration must include the name of the U.S. agent for the facility.  Call 1-800-216-7331 or register online or via mail.

>  The distribution of alcoholic beverages requires a surety or cash bond (Form OR-131, contact agency for form) with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services. Once the bond is obtained, file form REG-1 for sales and use tax and then Addendum D Alcoholic Beverage Distributors License. Wineries file form REG-15 - Small Winery Certificate. Farmers can apply for a Farmer Tax Exemption Permit by filing REG-8.  Review the following publications/information:
> Direct Shipment of Wine to Connecticut Consumers
> Farmer's Guide to Sales and Use Taxes, Motor Vehicle Fuels Tax, Estimated Income Tax, and Withholding Tax

Contact the agency: 800-382-9463, (860) 297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs


Tobacco and Related Products:

>  The U.S. Department of Treasury, Alcohol and Tobacco Tax & Trade Bureau requires permits.  The Bureau fields all inquiries in regards to regulating the alcohol and tobacco industries. Permits are required if manufacturing tobacco products including cigarette papers and tubes, importing/exporting tobacco products, or operating an export warehouse or tobacco plant warehouse.  Contact the agency 860-240-3400 or visit www.ttb.gov

>  Register with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services for the Cigarette & Tobacco Products Tax by filing Addendum A.
Contact the agency: 800-382-9463, (860) 297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs


Cosmetics and drugs (including soap):
>  Manufacturing and the labeling of drugs and cosmetics are under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).  Contact the FDA: 1-888-463-6332 or industry@fda.gov or visit www.fda.gov.

>  Additionally, the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection requires a Manufacturers and wholesalers of Drugs, Cosmetics or Medical Devices license.  Contact the agency:  (860) 713-6065 or drug.control@ct.gov or visit https://portal.ct.gov/DCP .

Firearms and knives:
>  The Connecticut Department of Emergency Services Public Protection requires an Eligibility Certificate to retail or transfer title of all firearms.  Additionally, if carrying a pistol, a pistol permit is required.  For additional information regarding pistols and other types of firearms, please review the information below.  Contact the agency: (860) 685-8290 or visit www.ct.gov/despp.

>  Administered by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives of the U.S. Department of Treasury, the Gun Control Act regulates who can sell pistols and firearms and sets standards for firearms businesses including manufacturers, importers, and dealers.  Contact the agency's Firearms Licensing Center: 1-866-662-2750 or NLC@atf.gov or visit www.atf.gov and view FAQs

Note: The federal government does not issue permits or licenses to carry concealed weapons. Carrying permits are issued by the state or local government.

There are no laws specific to the manufacturing of knives.  However, Connecticut has laws that govern carrying and purchasing / mail ordering knives.

Pesticide Product Registration
>  The Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection requires manufacturers and distributors of pesticide management products to register their products. Contact the agency at 860-424-3324 or bradford.robinson@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/deep/pesticide

 


Recreation vehicles (RV):

Register with the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles.  Contact the agency at 860-263-5045 or mail@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dmv

Petroleum Products:
>  Petroleum vendors, wholesalers and retailers of petroleum products (gasoline at retail stations exempt) register with the Office of Policy and Management. Contact the agency directly by calling: 860-418-6232 or visit www.ct.gov/opm

>  The Connecticut Department of Revenue Services, requires vendors to file REG-1 and Addendum C (Motor Vehicles Fuel Tax  - Petroleum Products Gross Earnings Tax). Contact the agency: 1-800-382-9463 (Connecticut only), 860-297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs.
 
Retail gasoline/home heating dealers register with the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection.  Contact the agency directly by calling: 860-713-6160 or food.standards@ct.gov or visit https://portal.ct.gov/DCP .

>  Waste Removal/Hauling
Depending on the type of waste the business is transporting, it may require a Waste Transporter Permit with the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection,  Contact the agency: 860-424-3003, deep.webmaster@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/deep and view Where to Begin..

Transportation:
If the manufacturer uses their own trucks to transport goods, there are additional registration requirements for both interstate and intrastate trucking.
* Note: Registration criteria include:
-  The vehicle must have two axils and a registered gross vehicle weight exceeding 26,000 pounds or 11,797 Kilograms
-  Have three or more axils regardless of weight.

Connecticut only:
Register with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services for the Motor Carrier Fuel Tax.  *Please note that the IFTA (International Fuel Tax Agreement) registration is not needed if you are transporting goods within the state border only.

Interstate:
>  Register with the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services for the International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA).

*Please note that the Motor Carrier Road Tax registration is not needed if you are transporting goods across the state border.

According to the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services, transportation services are not subject to the Connecticut sales tax.

Contact the agency at 1-800-382-9463 (Connecticut only) or 860-297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs.

>  According to the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles, there is a new federal law, the Unified Carrier Registration Program , that applies to operations involving trucks and busses that travel interstate, involved in international commerce, or if you make the arrangements for the transportation of cargo and goods. Contact the agency 860-263-5281, 1-800-842-8222 or mail@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dmv  

>  Obtain a Certificate to Carry Goods Out-of-State application from the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Highway Freight Program by calling 1-800-832-5660.

>  If transporting goods, property or merchandise to and between buildings of the same industrial plant, the Connecticut Department of Transportation requires an Industrial Truck Permit.  Contact the agency (860) 594-2878 or email Linda.Hope@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/dot

Resources.:
U.S. DOT Number application and FAQs
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations, Rules and Notices


All Trucking Businesses

>  Obtain a commercial driver's license (CDL) from the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles. Contact the agency at 1-800-842-8222 or visit www.ct.gov/dmv.

In addition, contact the Comdata Legal Services to register for a temporary permit by calling 800-749-6058.

>  If transporting hazardous waste in Connecticut, contact the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection  at 860-424-3366 or deep.webmaster@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/deep

>  Transporting oversized/overweight vehicles requires permitting through the Connecticut Department of Transportation.  Information regarding the escort car and flag men is included in the regulations. Contact the agency:  (860) 594-2878 or Linda.Hope@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/dot.  Also obtain a flashing light permit from the Connecticut Department of Motor Vehicles.  Contact the agency 860-263-5281, 1-800-842-8222 or mail@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dmv .

What licenses are required for producing gasoline or biodiesel?

Manufacturing:
The Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection regulates activities that may impact the state's natural resources and environment. The agency administers permitting programs that protect the state's resources by regulating the emissions of pollutants, facility operations, and land use activities. For assistance in identifying specific permits, contact the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection's Permitting Office by calling 860-424-3003, dep.webmaster@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dep and view the User's Guide.

According to the Connecticut Department of Revenue Services, certain products purchased for the purpose of production are tax exempt.  For further explanation read IP 2009(13) Sales & Use Taxes Guide for Manufacturers, Fabricators & Processors. All manufacturers must obtain a sales and use tax certificate by filing form REG-1  and be familiar with the resale certificate. Contact the agency: 1-800-382-9463 (Connecticut only), 860-297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs
 
Contact the local planning and zoning office for zoning regulations for your location.  Some businesses need to also contact the local health and fire official.

Petroleum Products Vendor/Retail Gasoline Dealer:
Petroleum vendors, wholesalers and retailers of petroleum products (gasoline at retail stations exempt) register with the Office of Policy and Management. Contact the agency directly by calling: 860-418-6232 or visit www.ct.gov/opm

The Connecticut Department of Revenue Services, requires vendors to file REG-1 and Addendum C (Motor Vehicles Fuel Tax  - Petroleum Products Gross Earnings Tax). Contact the agency: 1-800-382-9463 (Connecticut only), 860-297-5962 or drs@po.state.ct.us or visit www.ct.gov/drs.
 
Retail gasoline/home heating dealers register with the Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection.  Contact the agency directly by calling: 860-713-6160 or food.standards@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dcp.

Waste Removal/Hauling
Depending on the type of waste the business is transporting, it may require a Waste Transporter Permit with the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection,  Contact the agency: 860-424-3003, dep.webmaster@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dep and view the User's Guide.

What licenses pertain to the bio science industry?

First, every company that conducts business in Connecticut is required to register as a business entity.  The following details potential registrations and/or licenses that may apply:

Internal Revenue Services (IRS) 
Requires manufacturers of medical devices to pay an excise tax.  See Publication 510 Tax for Medical Devices 

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) & U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) 

  • The FDA has primary regulatory responsibility for the food, cosmetic, dietary supplement, pharmaceutical and medical device industries
  • All imported FDA and USDA regulated products must comply with the same regulations as domestically produced products. Increased border inspections due to safety concerns have resulted in a growing number of products being held for improper labeling or failure to comply with FDA and USDA regulations.

Occupational Safety & Health Administration

  • Generators and occupations with exposure to infectious substances and materials must have an Exposure Control Plan (regulations) that is required by OSHA.    In addition, generators are also required to have a written Biomedical Waste Management Plan per Connecticut General Statutes 22a-209-15 (b) (3)&/or (f) (8).  These procedures can be appended to the Exposure Control Plan.
  • Contact the agency 203-579-5581 (Bridgeport), 860-240-3152 (Hartford ) or visit www.osha.gov 

Connecticut Department of Energy &  Environmental Protection (DEEP) 

Connecticut Department of Revenue Services (DRS)

Department of Consumer Protection (DCP)

  • Licensing with the Drug Control Division
    • Wholesalers and Manufacturers of Drugs, Medical Devices and/or Cosmetics (within and outside of state)
    • Drug Manufacturers of Drugs, Medical Devices and/or Cosemetics (within and outside of state)
    • Medical gas and vacuum systems
    • Laboratories of controlled substances
  • Contact the agency: 860-713-6065 or dcp.drugcontrol@ct.gov or visit www.ct.gov/dcp

Department of Public Health (DPH)

For transportation of materials, review the FAQ on Transportation